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Image of a waterfall
Author: Sarah Jones, EAL coordinator, Lea Forest Academy

"One look is worth a thousand words." Barnard (1921), Chinese proverb.

Images are powerful as they can usually be interpreted regardless of the language spoken.

Have a look at this image:

Someone sitting alone isn’t always negative. A title can make all the difference. For example, ‘Hope!’ What does this picture mean to you? ‘Alone!’ Now what does it mean?

An image like this allows learners to explore emotions and reasons with structures like ‘He’s feeling…because...' (see downloadable resource).

Teaching and learning through a picture can enable learners to widen their vocabulary as it inspires them to articulate their thoughts. Studies conducted by CEMA have shown people learning an additional language can learn by...

  1. Looking at an image and listening to the name/phrase to understand the meaning.
  2. Practise saying the word visualising the image or/and doing an action to represent it.
  3. Putting the words into context/simple sentences/phrases.
  4. Initiate in simple conversations.

Image-based learning

It's a method adopted by many practitioners including Pie Corbett (mentioned below) and the Learning Village, which offers EAL blended learning using this simple methodology. Teaching learners through imagery allows them to instantly understand what is being communicated, whether it is survival language, key words, sentence structures, stories or other content.

According to Pie Corbett (2008), “Children will implicitly internalise language patterns and reuse them in their writing, if they tell stories and read a lot, or read repetitively, or are read a regular bedtime story.” Corbett is the creator of Talk for Writing, a very helpful method of teaching for EAL learners.

Talk for Writing

When delivering Talk for Writing, a model text is turned into a simple text map (see resource). The children learn the text through acting it out and other helpful games such as tennis (in pairs children take it in turns to say each word of the story) or chase (similar to tennis, but as a group). This strategy works well for EAL learners as it allows them to grasp the context of the story and enables them to easily chant it by following the pictures and key words. These text maps are very versatile as you can focus on any key words or language structures you feel would be beneficial to your learners. The focus can be on relevant elements in the text e.g. nouns, adjectives, auxiliary verbs, punctuation.

Once the learners are confident in retelling the story, the text is introduced and they are expected to identify certain skills by imitating them, for example ‘There are two penguins/There is a walrus.’ They then innovate the sentence content following the sentence structure using the learnt vocabulary, e.g. ‘There are three Polar Bears/There is a Whale.’ They then apply the skills to other concepts, verbally and then in writing through labelling simple scenes with key words to writing descriptive sentences. ‘It is a successful strategy that the learners enjoy and attain at an accelerated pace.’ EEF (2015)

Teaching and learning through imagery and drama allows learners to remember and link words, sentence structures and concepts in all subjects, in a fun and engaging way.


CEMA, (2006). Learning an Additional Language. Available here (Saturday 25th November. 2017).

EEF, (2015). Talk for Writing. Available here (Saturday 25th November. 2017).

Frederick R. Barnard, (1921). One picture is worth ten thousand words. Printer's Ink. December. P21-24.

The National Strategy Primary, (2010) Pie Corbett Writer-talk. Available here (Saturday 25th November. 2017).

Further learning - Blog

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Created: Sun 4th Jul 2021

In March 2020 International Primary School Almere, along with all other schools here in the Netherlands, went into lockdown for three weeks. Three weeks, we thought? Let's put together some revision packs of what we've learnt recently and email them home!

Created: Mon 9th Oct 2017

While it can be argued that EAL learners have an entitlement to experience a full and varied curriculum through complete class immersion and no withdrawal, some would argue that learners benefit from being withdrawn for time limited support to help them develop their English language in order to assist them in accessing the curriculum (NALDIC, FAQ Podcast, 2017).

If learners are unable to access the lesson content, they can feel frustrated and a sense of failure. Learners need to feel confident and successful.

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New Year is a time to take stock – and often to think about making changes. One of the most common New Year’s resolutions is to try to eat more healthily. But how do you explain healthy eating to new arrivals who don’t have a firm grasp of English?